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Trauma is a leading cause of death. The prevalence of Active Shooter/Hostile Event Response (ASHER) continues to dramatically increase. The BleedSafe Community program seeks to increase survival from both by assisting in the development of a community based, integrated approach to managing trauma. The program allows communities to evaluate their current state of readiness, and establish goals to help create a tangibly safer community in response to trauma. By earning “pressure points” toward the designation, your team can strengthen your community in places that people live, work, and play. “Pressure Point” criteria are based on the programs four foundational pillars: Prevention, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery from trauma. Although primarily focused on developing more ready and resilient communities from trauma related to Active Shooter/Hostile Event Response, the concepts and principals of the program translate to all types of trauma.
Blood loss is a leading cause of death for trauma victims. Death from blood loss, especially from arm or leg wounds, has been identified as a potentially preventable cause of death. Immediate actions for life threatening bleeding should be centered around the application of aggressive direct pressure while a public access trauma kit is retrieved. Striving to earn “Pressure Points” is a constant reminder to all that aggressive direct pressure may be required to help slow or stop bleeding while a Public Access Trauma Kit is retrieved.
No. However, it is recommended that communities striving to become “Bleed Safe” incorporate recognized trauma curriculum for the layperson, First responders, and First Receivers.
No. Yet, a key component of a BleedSafe Community is the creation and implementation of a Public Access Trauma Kit Program.
Submit the online application form. Ensure that you include contact information (ex: email, or phone number). For more information, please visit:
Public Access Trauma Kits are funded 100% through community donation. Donations are made to our non-profit Chino Valley Fire Foundation. For more information, please visit:
Recommendations for equipment inclusion within a trauma kit are based on managing potentially preventable causes of death from trauma. Examples include (but are not limited to):
Wound packing gauze/material (for junctional hemorrhage or areas not amenable to tourniquet use)
Adhesive occlusive chest seals
Personal Protective Equipment
We encourage community members seeking to acquire a trauma kit to receive training in the use of the trauma kits contents.
This is recognition given to establishments that meet the following criteria:
-Submitted an application to receive free training and a Public Access trauma Kit
-Minimum of 50% of employees trained in “recognized” trauma curriculum
-Completed a risk assessment form, and discussed with all employees.
-Has a public access trauma kit on site. Must be in an area that is easily visible, and easily accessible to all.
-Has notified surrounding businesses/tenants of the availability of the establishments on-site Public Access Trauma Kit.
Any municipality or organizational community is eligible to apply for the BlledSafe designation. Applicants can be determined by geographic locations or organization size. Geographic locations are cities or townships. Organizational applicants are determined by campus size and average daily population.
While there is no application fee, there are often costs associated with meeting the criteria to become a BleedSafe Community. Cost will vary depending on the Community’s size and needs (e.g. Trauma related training, equipment and Trauma Kit placement). A proper assessment of your Community will determine the needs.
The Hartford Consensus IV: A call for Increased National Resilience (published March 1,2016). For more information on The Hartford Consensus Compendium, please visit: https://www.bleedingcontrol.org/about-bc/hartford-consensus
It was established in 2017.
Station 62 5551 Butterfield Ranch Road Chino Hills, CA. 91709
*Per World Health Organization
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans. In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The most recently discovered coronavirus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19.
*Per World Health Organization
COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered coronavirus. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.
The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become infected but don’t develop any symptoms and don’t feel unwell. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment. Around 1 out of every 6 people who gets COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness. People with fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek medical attention.
People can catch COVID-19 from others who have the virus. The disease can spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth which are spread when a person with COVID-19 coughs or exhales. These droplets land on objects and surfaces around the person. Other people then catch COVID-19 by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. People can also catch COVID-19 if they breathe in droplets from a person with COVID-19 who coughs out or exhales droplets. This is why it is important to stay more than 1 meter (3 feet) away from a person who is sick.
WHO is assessing ongoing research on the ways COVID-19 is spread and will continue to share updated findings.
Studies to date suggest that the virus that causes COVID-19 is mainly transmitted through contact with respiratory droplets rather than through the air. See previous answer on “How does COVID-19 spread?”
The main way the disease spreads is through respiratory droplets expelled by someone who is coughing. The risk of catching COVID-19 from someone with no symptoms at all is very low. However, many people with COVID-19 experience only mild symptoms. This is particularly true at the early stages of the disease. It is therefore possible to catch COVID-19 from someone who has, for example, just a mild cough and does not feel ill. WHO is assessing ongoing research on the period of transmission of COVID-19 and will continue to share updated findings.
Protection measures for everyone
Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO website and through your national and local public health authority. Many countries around the world have seen cases of COVID-19 and several have seen outbreaks. Authorities in China and some other countries have succeeded in slowing or stopping their outbreaks. However, the situation is unpredictable so check regularly for the latest news.
You can reduce your chances of being infected or spreading COVID-19 by taking some simple precautions:
• Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.
Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.
• Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
Why? When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.
• Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth.
Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.
• Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.
Why? Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.
• Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.
Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections.
• Keep up to date on the latest COVID-19 hotspots (cities or local areas where COVID-19 is spreading widely). If possible, avoid traveling to places – especially if you are an older person or have diabetes, heart or lung disease.
Why? You have a higher chance of catching COVID-19 in one of these areas.
The “incubation period” means the time between catching the virus and beginning to have symptoms of the disease. Most estimates of the incubation period for COVID-19 range from 1-14 days, most commonly around five days. These estimates will be updated as more data become available.
*Per World Health Organization
While there has been one instance of a dog being infected in Hong Kong, to date, there is no evidence that a dog, cat or any pet can transmit COVID-19. COVID-19 is mainly spread through droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks. To protect yourself, clean your hands frequently and thoroughly.
WHO continues to monitor the latest research on this and other COVID-19 topics and will update as new findings are available.
It is not certain how long the virus that causes COVID-19 survives on surfaces, but it seems to behave like other coronaviruses. Studies suggest that coronaviruses (including preliminary information on the COVID-19 virus) may persist on surfaces for a few hours or up to several days. This may vary under different conditions (e.g. type of surface, temperature or humidity of the environment).
Yes. The likelihood of an infected person contaminating commercial goods is low and the risk of catching the virus that causes COVID-19 from a package that has been moved, travelled, and exposed to different conditions and temperature is also low.
The second method is incineration via a facility licensed for the incineration of that type of hazardous waste. If through the incineration process the hazardous waste is completely destroyed with no hazardous residual, your liability is completely eliminated. If there is a hazardous residual product, that product generally has to be stored in a hazardous waste dump, but the quantity remaining is normally far less than the original amount of hazardous waste with which you started.
The third method is placement in a hazardous waste dump. While this method generally costs only about ½ the cost of incineration, it includes with it some long-term liabilities you may not be aware of. Federal law requires that, when a hazardous waste dump becomes full, the dump must close and be cleaned up (made non-hazardous). Toward that end, every hazardous waste dump operator is required to place a $1 million bond with the Federal Government to help pay for the clean-up. However, most hazardous waste dumps cost more than $50 million to clean up to EPA's standards. Where does this money come from, especially if the dump operator files bankruptcy? Under court rulings, this money comes from everyone who put hazardous wastes in that dump. Furthermore, under the doctrine of Joint and Several Liability, if some of those people have gone out of business or don't have the ability to pay, everyone else who put hazardous wastes in the dump and do have the ability to pay have to pick up the costs of those who can't pay. This liability can be substantially avoided by having your hazardous wastes either recycled or incinerated. However, if you do have to put wastes in a hazardous waste dump, it is highly recommended that you put all such wastes into the same dump, so you don't end up buying liability for several hazardous waste dumps. Note that hazardous waste transporters will suggest hazardous waste dumps for you to use, but the final decision as to where your hazardous wastes will go is up to you. Choose wisely. For more information on the legal issues involved, it is suggested you consult with an attorney specializing in environmental law.
Another alternative, if your business generates less than 220 pounds of hazardous waste per month (100 kilograms), is to call San Bernardino County at 1-800-OILY CAT. They have what is called a Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator (CESQG) program that allows them to collect such wastes from businesses for a fee. Their fees are often less than those charged by commercial hazardous waste contractors. Call them for more information.
If you have a can that contains more than one or two inches of paint, or if the paint is not water based, take the paint to the Household Hazardous Waste Facility operated by the City of Chino and San Bernardino County. (For more information, see the answer to the question How do I get rid of household hazardous waste?)
Never dump your waste oil onto the ground or into the trash. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimates that 90% of the oil disposed of by do-it-yourself oil changers is improperly disposed of, and puts into the ground enough oil to equal 27 spills of the Exxon Valdez every year! The waste oil that gets into the ground often migrates into the underground aquifers from where we pump much of our drinking water. It only takes 1 gallon of waste oil to make 50,000 gallons of clean water undrinkable. Think about that the next time you change your own oil.
Governor Brown approved SB 272 in October 2015, adding section 6270.5 to the California Public Records Act (the “Act,” Government Code Sections 6250-6276.48). Because it was added to the Public Records Act, local agencies will not be able to seek reimbursement from the State for costs associated with compliance. For the full text of the bill
SB 272 requires local agencies to create a catalog of multidepartmental systems or systems containing information about the public that store original records and post the catalog on their agency website.
- Information technology security systems, including firewalls and other cybersecurity systems.
- Physical access control systems, employee identification management systems, video monitoring, and other physical control systems.
- Infrastructure and mechanical control systems, including those that control or manage street lights, electrical, natural gas, or water or sewer functions.
- Systems related to 911 dispatch and operation or emergency services.
- Systems that would be restricted from disclosure pursuant to Section 6254.19.
- The specific records that the information technology system collects, stores, exchanges, or analyzes.
- A multidepartmental system or a system that contains information collected about the public. - A system of record.